What is hazard and Risk? Difference and Examples

What is hazard and Risk? Difference and Examples
  • Post category:WorkPlace

In this article we are going to answer the question, what is hazard and Risk? Actually, these are two different terms. While people use it interchangeably. So we are defining them separately as well as we explain with examples

Simply the Difference Between Hazard and Risk is that The risk is the probability of causing injuries or disease, While the hazard is the source of the injuries or the disease.

Examples of risk and hazard are below in the article to better understand the difference.

What is Hazard?

In simple words a hazard is something that causes harm to employees, workers or assets.

If we further define. A hazard can cause potential damage or have adverse health effects on something concerned with it.

Hazard Examples

  • A knife is a hazard that can cause cuts.
  • Welding activity is a hazard that can cause fire, burn, or metal fume fever.
  • Wet floor is a hazard that can cause slips and falls
  • Electricity can cause electric shock.

Different Type of Hazards

The hazard exists everywhere, but the workplace is more prone to accidents and hazards. To answer what is hazard and Risk? We will list different examples of hazards at the workplace.

    Safety Hazards

These types of hazards create unsafe work environments and conditions. Examples of these types of hazards are unprotected electric wires etc.

Read Also: Common safety hazards issues at workplace

   Physical Hazards

Environmental factors that affect workers at the workplace are called physical hazards. The example is heat, noise, vibrations, and radiations.

     Biological Hazards

These hazards are caused due to bacteria, viruses, and other insects. 

    Chemical Hazards

Hazards related to the chemicals at the workplace are called chemical hazards. This may include improper storage and usage of chemicals without proper safety equipment. 

   Ergonomic Hazards

physical factors that cause musculoskeletal injuries may be referred to as ergonomic hazards.

What is Risk?

We define risk as a chance of hazard, whether it will harm somebody or not. The chances may be either high, low, or medium for the occurrence of a hazard.

Example to Understand What is the Difference Between Hazard and Risk?

  • If you are working on a height, this is a hazard that can cause you the risk of falling from this height.
  • Smoking can cause cancer, Now smoking is the hazard and is the source of the disease, while the probability  of getting the disease is the risk.
  • If you are working away out of your workplace in the desert is a hazard, The risk of getting lost or personal danger is high.

Two factors lead to risk i.e. likelihood and severity.

Risk assessment

To investigate, eliminate and reduce risks at the workplace risk assessment is necessary.

During the process of risk assessment, we identify hazards and risk factors. This will help us to identify potential threat can cause harm to workers.

The next step is risk analysis and risk evaluation. During this process, we analyze and evaluate risks associated with hazards.

While the last step is to follow accurate steps to control and eliminate the hazards.

Hazard Control Methods

Different control methods are common in daily life. Some of them are mentioned below.

  1. Isolating of hazards
  2. Using personal protective equipment
  3. Using administrative and engineering control methods
  4. Substituting of hazard with lesser risk.