Fire Protection System: Which is better Active or Passive?

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What is a fire protection system?

A fire protection system can be defined as the system that handles the  process of early detecting, fighting  fire and mitigating fire-related hazards.

The system consists of different devices like

  • Fire alarm System, This system monitors the protected area, In case of any fire it produces audible and visible alarm. This system can give a signal for the fire extinguisher system.
  • Smoke detector, smoke can kill if large enough amounts are inhaled. Also it is the first sign of a fire. An effective fire system should effectively handle smoke as well, And prevent its accumulation in the building.
  • Fire extinguishers and sprinklers. These are the firefighting stage. For more details read our article Fire suppression system

Importance of Fire Protection System

Automatic protection system costs a lot, But fire causes damages to buildings, devices, and equipment and cause human injuries and fatalities in organizations and of course costs much higher than fir protection.

By installing this system,we can save money. Besides this, it ensures the safety of workers and employees at the workplace.

This protection system timely activates devices to ensure safety and eliminate the risk of fire.

 Function of Fire Protection System

Understanding how fire protection work is really important. The common goal of this system is to protect the workspace from fire in either way.

As mentioned above the main components include:

  • Smoke detector
  • Fire alarm
  • and fire sprinkler system

When smoke is detected by detector it activates the alarm. Further fire sprinkler is activated and it uses customized materials to mitigate fire.

 Different Types

Two types of systems are common in use, i.e.

  1. Active systems
  2. And Passive system

Both types are important and have their own pros and cons and places of use.

      Passive System

A Passive fire protection is a type of protection system technique that are designed during construction of buildings, and need no human action to do its job.

         Passive system examples

  • Installing fire escape ways and signs
  • breaking the building into compartments
  • smoke ducts and blowers to prevent smoke accumulation
  • Emergency lighting system
  • Fire escape doors

This system tries to minimize the risk and the spread of the fire and helps well in case of evacuation and emergency plan execution.

    Active System

This is a type that reacts in case of fire. This includes different types of fire sprinkler systems and fire suppression systems.

Which One To Choose Active Or Passive System?

Both systems are doing different jobs that are equally as important. Active Fire system task is to put out a fire by taking a proper action, This action is either manual or automatic.

Passive fire protection system main task is to break the fire from the very start point, and in case of the fire start the system prevents its spreading in the building.

Both systems work together and help in the whole process of fire detection, protection and fighting.

Fire Protection System Deign Requirements Tips

It is worth mentioning to keep some important tips in your mind regarding fire-related protection systems that.

  • What is the size and layout of the building or property?
  • What type of workplace is it and what type of materials are stored in.?
  • Keep an eye on the already installed protection system.
  • Whether it will work during smoke or flame detection.
  • What is mentioned requirements?
  • What type of materials are in use?

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