Guardrails ensure a fall protection system and protect objects and workers against falling from heights. According to the Occupational safety and health Administration (OSHA), it is mandatory for an organization to install guardrails. The uses of guardrails are necessary on both environmental and architectural sides. In this article, we discuss Guardrail requirements.
According to OSHA, an employer must ensure fall protection and object fall protection. While the requirements must be according to the standard OSHA requirements.
These all requirements are in a subpart of 1910. And before workers or employees start working at the workplace. Install the fall protection system with the following parameters.
- If the height of the workplace is more than 6 feet or more. Installation of guardrail or any other fall protection system is mandatory. Same is the case for working surface area. If the difference in a working surface that is lower than the ground level is 6 feet or more. For example, a well or a pit. Any type of railing system is necessary to prevent the falling of objects.
- According to the 29(b)(1), the height of the top edge of the guardrail must be at least 42 inches or 107 centimeters. Similarly, the guardrail height may vary for addition or subtraction of three inches.
- If the walking-working surface and the top edge height is 53 centimeters or 21 inches. Install Other safety materials like Install solid panels, mesh, screens, Mid-rails, intermediate vertical members, etc.
- Install mid-rails at a height between the walking surface and the top edge of the guardrail.
- To prevent falling objects install a guard rail system for a force of at least 200 pounds or 890 Newton applied in a downward.
- Guardrails must be installed for preventing snagging of clothing and catching.
- Similarly, guardrail requirements include protecting unprotected edges, sides and holes, ramps, and runways.
- Always do material checking for guarding holes. And only passed material must be used.
- The diameter or thickness of Top rails and mid-rails must be at least 0.25-inches or 0.6 cm.
- No overhang, Steel banding, and plastic banding for the top rail and mid-rail are allowed.
- For the hoist area a removable guardrail section, consisting of a top rail and mid-rail must be used in order to access opening between guardrail sections.
- For restricted areas to protect people from entry always use Manila or synthetic rope. It must meet the strength requirement criteria. Further details for guardrail requirements on scaffolds are available in section 29 CFR part 1926, subpart L.